Depression, a major depressive disorder, is the second leading reason of death 15 to 29 years old by commit suicide. A rising issue of depression in the world is unfortunately a very common and serious mental health condition that can happen at all ages. More than 300 million people diagnose with depression every year globally according to World Health Organization February 2017 report. In India,10 million people diagnose with depression every year and mostly of them are women, children and younger generation. So what is the reason of being depressed in childhood or in young age? We know the answer competition, unemployment, poverty. But how these affect us mentally..? Are we not able to take any mental pressure? Or are those people who suffering from depression are weaker than us??
My reply is no, those people are as mentally strong as we are. Those guys who suffer from this disorder are as normal as we are. We just need to know about what depression really is and how it affects us.
So what is depression..?
Depression is a serious mood disorder that occurs by change in brain chemistry and these changes affect negatively on your feeling, thinking and daily actions. According to National Institute of Mental Health the reasons of change in brain chemistry can be genetic, biological, environmental and psychological. It means there’s no particular reason of depression, it can happen at any age but there are some risk factors of depression are:
- Personal or family history of depression
- Major life trauma or stress
- Physical illness and medications
The person who suffers from depression is not just feeling down or sad or low…it’s more than that. Depressed person will always say:
- I’m nothing, totally worthless.
- I’m a failure.
- All faults are mine.
- Nobody needs me.
- Nothing good ever happen to me.
- Life is not worth living.
These are the thought that come to his or her mind every time which are cause of depressed feelings like:
- Long time sadness
- poor concentration
- Lack of confidence
- Low self worth
- All time feeling tired
- Sick and run down
- Headache and muscle pain
- Churning gut
- Disturbed sleeping and appetite
- Significant weight loss or gain
And these emotional, mental and physical change could seen in his/her behavior or actions:
- Not going out anymore
- Not getting things done work
- Lack of communication with friends and family
- Do not take interest in any activity
- Poor concentration
- Living alone
- Relaying on drugs such as alcohol
These are some signs of a person who is suffering from depression these thoughts and feelings can change the behavior of person completely. It can ruin relationships, cause of problem at work place and make it difficult to recover from illness.
How to diagnose and treat depression…?
It’s very unfortunate for us that how a common treatable mental health issue is rising globally. The reason of burden of depression is lack of awareness in society about depression and communication or talk about depression.
There is a myth about depression:
- Myth: depression is an untreatable disease or once a depressed, always a depressed.
- Fact: It’s a treatable disease and yes it is go away permanently.
How can you detect depression?
You can consult with a doctor who asks you some specific questions and doing some physical examinations such as blood test, screening etc.
After diagnose with depression doctor suggest according to symptoms you therapy or medications (only if he is a medical doctor )for moderate and severe depression. They provide you such treatments:
- Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)
- Antidepressant medications
- Medication and exercises to boost other feel-good brain chemicals
After treatment which lasts on average 4 to 6 months in major depression conditions we need to make patient comfortable and positive.
As depression is a rising mental health issue of the world WHO starts a programme mhGAP (Mental Health Gap Action Programme). This programme aims to help every country to increase their services to aware people about mental health conditions and depression. We all need to talk about depression it’s just a treatable mental health condition. It’s not a shameful thing if you’re suffering from a mental health issue, may be your initiative can save others life. A simple communication may help the one who is suffering from depression or save someone’s life who is going to end his/her life. We need to make him or her believe that “You’re not alone and let’s share with me.”
So let’s talk about depression and aware other people too. May be you’re not a psychotherapist but you can be a good listener and suggest him/her to consult with health care. I believe ” A simple word exchange or communication is the best cure of disappointment and depression.”
The only way to save someone’s life.